Tuesday, April 12, 2016

What is diabetes


General information of diabetes

Diabetes mellitus is a non communicable diseases. that affect how your body handle blood sugar level(glucose). Glucose is important substance to your health because it's the main source of energy for the cells (muscles and tissues). It's also main energy source of brain.

in simple words, every diabetes patients, ( no matter what type) have too much sugar/ glucose in the blood.

Types of diabetes.

1. Pre-diabetes -  
Usually blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be classified as diabetes (this condition can be reversible) 

2.Gestational diabetes - 

Occurs during pregnancy (reverse after the baby is delivered).

3. Type 1 diabetes - 

Develops in young age (also can develop in adults), body no longer 
makes insulin or doesn’t make enough insulin. 5 To 10 percent of diabetes patients have this. 

4. Type 2 diabetes - 

This  is the most common form of diabetes, also called adult diabetes or non insulin dependent diabetes. this type of diabetes can develop in any age. type 2 diabetes develops mostly in middle-aged and older people.

 when your body's fat, muscle cells, and liver cells do not use insulin to carry glucose into the cells to use for energy. then the body needs more insulin to function cells. pancreas work hard to make more insulin. result  of this pancreas fail to make necessary insulin level. then blood sugar level increase.